Ovarian Cyst Ruptures Are Painful

Ovarian cyst ruptures are usually very painful and can lead to serious complications.  Therefore if you know you have an ovarian cyst you should follow certain precautions to minimize the risk of rupture.

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that may exist within or on the surface of the ovaries. During ovulation, the sac or follicle where where the egg is embedded in the ovary, releases an egg which makes its way to the uterus for possible fertilization. Whether the egg is actually released or not, there are times when the follicle becomes encapsulated in a fluid filled bag, which is known as an ovarian cyst.

Unless an ovarian cyst ruptures it usually cause no symptoms, but if any they’re similar to medical conditions such as ectopic pregnancy or pelvic inflammatory disease. It is also possible that ovarian cysts can twist (torsion) or tear which can result in serious complications such as ovarian necrosis (tissue death).

Diagnosing Ovarian Cyst Ruptures

ovarian cyst rupturesYour doctor can use a variety of tests in diagnosing ovarian cyst ruptures. Some of these tests are:

  • Laboratory Blood Testing – There are various blood tests a doctor can use to diagnose ovarian cyst ruptures
  • White Blood Count (WBC) – Elevated white blood cells, leukocytosis, is a sign of bacterial infection.
  • CA 125 – This test measures the level of the blood protein, Cancer Antigen 125 or CA 125. High levels of CA 125 can indicate the presence of a malignant cyst, but may also be present in a woman with endometriosis.
  • Human Chorionic Growth (HCG) hormone test – This is a pregnancy test. Pregnancy must be determined because ovarian cyst ruptures and ectopic pregnancy present with similar symptoms.
  • Hematocrit test – RBC –  This test determines the level of red blood cells in the blood. A low hematocrit level indicates anemia which may be a result of internal bleeding. Internal bleeding is a symptom of ovarian cyst ruptures.
  • Culdocentesis Though not often performed today due to ultrasound technology, this test involved the insertion of a needle in the vagina to extract fluid from the rectouterine bag which is located posterior to the uterus. The presence of fluid could be indicative of ectopic pregnancy or ovarian cyst ruptures.
  • Urinalysis –  Performed to detect the presence of pus or blood in the urine.
  • Ultrasound – Ultrasounds are widely used today as a less invasive way to diagnose and get a better picture of the ovarian cyst.
  • CT – Also known as computerized tomography or CT scan, this test is sometimes used when ultrasound doesn’t give a clear image of the cyst.
  • Laparoscopy – An operation done by making a small incision in the navel area of the abdomen & inserting a thin telescope-like instrument with a light known as a laparoscope to get a clear picture of the organs in the pelvic & abdominal cavity. This is the most invasive of the above tests but is sometimes necessary and can give the doctor a clear view of the cyst or problem area.

Ovarian Cyst Ruptures Require Immediate Medical Attention

As mentioned above, ovarian cyst ruptures are often quite painful and can result in serious complications.  You should make yourself aware of the symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst. If you suspect that you may have ovarian cyst ruptures, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Click here to learn more about ovarian cyst including how to cure and prevent their recurrence in your body.  You don’t have to live with the pain and discomfort of ovarian cyst any longer.  Act now to stop the pain!