Endometriosis of ovary
Classification and external resources
10 N80.1
9 617.1

An endometrioma, endometrioid cyst, endometrial cyst, or chocolate cyst of ovary is a condition related to endometriosis.


[edit] Pathophysiology

Endoscopic image of a ruptured chocolate cyst in left ovary.

It is caused by endometriosis,[1] and formed when a tiny patch of endometrial tissue (the mucous membrane that makes up the inner layer of the uterine wall) bleeds, sloughs off, becomes transplanted, and grows and enlarges inside the ovaries. As the blood builds up over months and years, it turns brown. When it ruptures, the material spills over into the pelvis and onto the surface of the uterus, bladder, bowel, and the corresponding spaces between.

[edit] Treatment

Treatment for endometriosis can be medical or surgical.

[edit] Medication

estrogenic symptoms. These medications are often ineffective in treating endometriomas and any relief is short lived while taking the medications. Hormonal treatment has a large number of sometimes permanent side effects, such as hot flushes, loss of bone mass, deepening of voice, weight gain, and facial hair growth.

[edit] Surgery


[edit] References

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article chocolate cyst, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.